[자기소개서]How to write a winning application.

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Lesson 1 : Preparation 3

1. The Audience 3
2. What "They" Look For 4
Motivation 4
Writing/Communication Skills 4
A Real Person 5
Details, Details, Details 6
Tell a Story 7
3. Common Flaws 7
Poor Proofing 7
Boring Introductions 8
Not Enough Detail 8
Wordiness 8
Colloquialism 9
Sentence Variety 9
Use of Passive Voice 9
Don't thesaurusize your Essay 10
4. Brainstorming 10
The Chronological Method 10
Assess Your Accomplishments 10
List Your Skills 11
Analyze Personality Traits 11
Note Major Influences 11
Identify Your Goals 11
5. Topic Selection 12

Lesson Two: Specific Themes and Questions 15

1. Why Graduate School? 15
2. Why Qualified? 16
3. Why Unique, Different, Exceptional? 17
4. Wait-list Letter 18
5. Transfer Essay 19
6. General Essay Topics 20
6.1 Essay Set Strategy, Short Essays 20
6.2 Growth and Development 21
6.3 Future Goals 22
6.4 Role Models and Influence 23
6.5 Achievement Essays 23
6.6 Hobbies and Interests 24
6.7 Childhood Experiences 24
6.8 Your Favorite . . . 25
6.9 Your Favorite . . . 25
6.10 School Target 25
6.11 International Experience 26
6.12 Family Essays 26
6.13 Wait-list Letter 27

Lesson Three: Essay Structures 28

1. Standard Structure 28
2. Issue Analysis 30
3. Compare and Contrast 31
4. Chronological 31
5. Narrative 32

Lesson Four: Style and Tone 34

1. Sentence Variety 34
2. Word Choice 34
3. Verbs 37
Passive Tense 37
Changing Passive Voice to Active Voice 39
4. Transition 41
4. Clich? 45

Lesson Five: Introductions and Conclusions 46

1. Introductions 46
2. Conclusions 48

Lesson Six: Editing and Revising 50

1. Editing Checklist 50
2. Final Steps 53

본문내용

3. Verbs
As you write your essay, remember to focus on verbs and keep adjectives to a minimum. Pumping your sentences full of adjectives and adverbs is not the same thing as adding detail or color. Adjectives and adverbs add lazy description, but verbs add action.
Passive Tense
Our editors find that one of the greatest weaknesses of admissions essays is their frequent use of the passive tense. For this mini-lesson you will learn why the passive voice should be avoided, how to identify it, and how to replace it with the preferred active voice.
Overuse of the passive voice throughout an essay can make your prose seem flat and uninteresting. Sentences in active voice are also more concise than those in passive voice. You can recognize passive-voice expressions because the verb phrase will always include a form of to be, such as am, is, was, were, are, or been. The presence of a be-verb, however, does not necessarily mean that the sentence is in passive voice. In sentences written in passive voice, the subject receives the action expressed in the verb; the subject is acted upon. In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts.
EXAMPLES:
(Passive) I was selected to be the tuba player by the band leader.
(Active) The bandleader selected me to be the tuba player.
(Passive) I will be prepared for college as a result of the lessons my mother taught me.
(Active) My mother taught me lessons that will prepare me for college
(Passive) I am reminded of her voice every time I hear that song.
(Active) That song reminds me of her voice.

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