[영어학] the brief histiry of the English language
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* 본 문서는 한글 2005 이상 버전에서 작성된 문서입니다.
한글 2002 이하 프로그램에서는 열어볼 수 없으니, 한글 뷰어프로그램(한글 2005 이상)을 설치하신 후 확인해주시기 바랍니다.
6.now and future
English carries the story of its origin as an independent language in its name. The "Engl-" part of the word goes back to the Angles, a Germanic tribe that invaded and colonized much of Britain during the 5th and 6th centuries. The "-ish" part means "belonging to": in this case, the language that belonged to the Angles--the "Angle-ish" language.
The Angles lived in northern Germany alongside a number of kindred tribes, including
the Saxons and the Jutes. Beginning about the year 450, members of these three tribes, joining in the widespread barbarian migrations that marked the end of the western Roman Empire, crossed the North Sea to find new homes in Britain. For the next 50 or 60 years the would-be colonizers, aided by reinforcements, fought with the original inhabitants of the island, the Britons, and pushed them back to the north and west into present-day Scotland and Wales. The territory that Angles, Saxons, and Jutes thus carved out for themselves can be called the land of the Anglo-Saxons. Similarly, their language can be called Anglo-Saxon or Old English.
*The origins and development of the English language, Thomas Pyles.