벤 존슨의 「펜스허스트」의 사회적 의미

저작시기 2004.05 |등록일 2011.03.23 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 23페이지 | 가격 6,000원
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* 본 문서는 배포용으로 복사 및 편집이 불가합니다.

서지정보

발행기관 : 한국밀턴과근세영문학회 수록지정보 : 밀턴과 근세영문학 / 14권 / 1호
저자명 : 김옥수

목차

Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 지형시 장르의 특징
Ⅲ. 「 펜스허스트」의 이상적 사회
Ⅳ. 결론
인용문헌
Abstract

한국어 초록

This essay purports to examine the social meanings of Ben Jonson"s To Penshurst as a topographical poem. The topographical poem, as a genre, idealizes the country house of a lord. The country house represents the lord"s generosity and virtues. This poem idealizes the country house of Sir Philip Sidney. Sir Philip Sidney stands as a representative of civilization.
Jonson"s poem constructs a social ideal of hierarchy by means of building heroic couplets. The poem progresses hierarchically from landscape to man. We ascend the hierarchy of being in approaching the house. First of all, the natural world is seen in terms of hierarchy. The pike gives up his instincts and sacrifices himself. And then the poem moves from the natural world to the tenants" life. The tenants are willing to offer their fruit and vegetables to the lord without hesitation. The tenants" services are repaid by their lord"s hospitality. This hospitality embraces all status of society. At the lord"s country house every guest is treated like a king. Christian social equality, however, does not conflict with the notion of rank. Though the distinction of lord and clown is denied by hospitality which characterizes the house, Jonson gives priority to hierarchy. The poem illustrates the ideal function of the aristocracy, their position in relation to the king above them and the people below, their social responsibility in country life. Families like the Sidneys are seen to embody inherited social values and to diffuse them outwards through society while transmitting them to the future. Jonson gives a model of the harmonious society in which all the people are seen to have their place. Society is seen as a stable society, a harmonious interaction of parts. The poem ends by setting Penshurst against the standard of "other edifices." Jonson blames the aristocracy who were building ostentatious country houses. Yet the society of Penshurst is seen in relation to the depressing actuality.
In conclusion, Jonson portrays the ideal society as the hierarchical one in which king, nobility and clown are seen to have their place. We can say in this poem that Jonson celebrates stability, hierarchy, and order in the existing world.

영어 초록

This essay purports to examine the social meanings of Ben Jonson's To Penshurst as a topographical poem. The topographical poem, as a genre, idealizes the country house of a lord. The country house represents the lord's generosity and virtues. This poem idealizes the country house of Sir Philip Sidney. Sir Philip Sidney stands as a representative of civilization.
Jonson's poem constructs a social ideal of hierarchy by means of building heroic couplets. The poem progresses hierarchically from landscape to man. We ascend the hierarchy of being in approaching the house. First of all, the natural world is seen in terms of hierarchy. The pike gives up his instincts and sacrifices himself. And then the poem moves from the natural world to the tenants' life. The tenants are willing to offer their fruit and vegetables to the lord without hesitation. The tenants' services are repaid by their lord's hospitality. This hospitality embraces all status of society. At the lord's country house every guest is treated like a king. Christian social equality, however, does not conflict with the notion of rank. Though the distinction of lord and clown is denied by hospitality which characterizes the house, Jonson gives priority to hierarchy. The poem illustrates the ideal function of the aristocracy, their position in relation to the king above them and the people below, their social responsibility in country life. Families like the Sidneys are seen to embody inherited social values and to diffuse them outwards through society while transmitting them to the future. Jonson gives a model of the harmonious society in which all the people are seen to have their place. Society is seen as a stable society, a harmonious interaction of parts. The poem ends by setting Penshurst against the standard of 'other edifices.' Jonson blames the aristocracy who were building ostentatious country houses. Yet the society of Penshurst is seen in relation to the depressing actuality.
In conclusion, Jonson portrays the ideal society as the hierarchical one in which king, nobility and clown are seen to have their place. We can say in this poem that Jonson celebrates stability, hierarchy, and order in the existing world.

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