1526-1540년 헝가리 왕위계승경쟁과 오스만투르크의 대응전략

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서지정보

발행기관 : 부산경남사학회 수록지정보 : 역사와경계 / 64권
저자명 : 김동원

목차

Ⅰ. 머리말
Ⅱ. 헝가리 분열과 왕위계승경쟁
Ⅲ. 오스만투르크의 간섭과 의도
Ⅳ. 맺음말
Abstract

한국어 초록

The main purpose of this paper is to carry out an evaluation of Ottoman reaction to Ferdinand Ⅰ"s policy on Hungarian succession in the period 1526 to 1540.
In the immediate aftermath of their victory at Mohács the Ottomans had neither the will nor the means, the motive nor real opportunity to annex the Kingdom of Hungary and impose direct Ottoman rule. Therefore, they should adopt a wait and see attitude for the short term, and tailor their policy for the medium and longer term in response both to the attitude and level of engagement adopted by Hungary"s western neighbors, in particular the Habsburgs(Austrian). In trans-Danubia Süleyman, the Ottoman Sultan, worried about the major shift in the regional balance of power that would result, should Ferdinand of Habsburg succeed in his bid for the vacant Hungarian throne. He made Szapolyai his vassal and adopted him as a Hungarian king to stop the Habsburgs from occupying Kingdom of Hungary.
At each stage of the Ottomans involvement in Hungarian politics between 1526 and 1540, Ottoman interventions were gauged proportionately to match Hungary political conditions during that period. The timing of Ottoman interventions is closely connected with a series of Ferdinand provocations that made their interventions not just necessary, but inevitable. The examples of these provocations came with the occupation of Buda, 1527 and the attack of Buda 1530, 1540.
In the long run, the Ottoman annexation of Hungary in 1541 is not as the confirmation of traditional Ottoman expansionist policy, but as a case-specific adjustment to the new realities that had begun to typify the changing political order of trans-Dunabia in the sixteenth century.

영어 초록

The main purpose of this paper is to carry out an evaluation of Ottoman reaction to Ferdinand Ⅰ's policy on Hungarian succession in the period 1526 to 1540.
In the immediate aftermath of their victory at Mohacs the Ottomans had neither the will nor the means, the motive nor real opportunity to annex the Kingdom of Hungary and impose direct Ottoman rule. Therefore, they should adopt a wait and see attitude for the short term, and tailor their policy for the medium and longer term in response both to the attitude and level of engagement adopted by Hungary's western neighbors, in particular the Habsburgs(Austrian). In trans-Danubia Suleyman, the Ottoman Sultan, worried about the major shift in the regional balance of power that would result, should Ferdinand of Habsburg succeed in his bid for the vacant Hungarian throne. He made Szapolyai his vassal and adopted him as a Hungarian king to stop the Habsburgs from occupying Kingdom of Hungary.
At each stage of the Ottomans involvement in Hungarian politics between 1526 and 1540, Ottoman interventions were gauged proportionately to match Hungary political conditions during that period. The timing of Ottoman interventions is closely connected with a series of Ferdinand provocations that made their interventions not just necessary, but inevitable. The examples of these provocations came with the occupation of Buda, 1527 and the attack of Buda 1530, 1540.
In the long run, the Ottoman annexation of Hungary in 1541 is not as the confirmation of traditional Ottoman expansionist policy, but as a case-specific adjustment to the new realities that had begun to typify the changing political order of trans-Dunabia in the sixteenth century.

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