ㆍ발행기관 : 대한언어학회ㆍ수록지정보 : 언어학 / 16권 / 2호 ㆍ저자명 : 서정민 ( Jeong Min Seo ) , 조학행 ( Hak Haeng Jo )
The aim of this paper is to investigate English noun stress which shows opacity in word-final tense vowels. Opacity has been a challenge to classic Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993, 2004) since it does not allow intermediate level of derivation. Local Conjunction (Smolensky 1993, 1995; Kirchner 1996; Lubowicz 2005), Lexical Constraint Domains (Ito & Mester 1995), Multi-stratal Evaluation (Inkelas & Orgun 1995; Ito & Mester 1999), and Sympathy Theory (McCarthy 1999) have been proposed to deal with opacity but there are also problems in them. In this paper to resolve the problems in the previous theories above, we will attempt to resolve the opacity problem by employing Optimality Theory with Candidate Chains (OT-CC, McCarthy 2006a-d, 2007), which incorporates inter-candidate derivational information with P(REC)(edence) constraints(A, B) (P(REC)(A, B)). Based on OT-CC with Prec(A, B), this paper examines and analyses the opacity of English noun stress in word-final tense vowels, in which rule order produces a kind of under application resulting from counterfeeding rules, supporting the superiority of OT-CC.