ㆍ발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회ㆍ수록지정보 : 제임스조이스 저널 / 13권 / 1호 / 121 ~ 134 페이지 ㆍ저자명 : 김경숙 ( Kyoung Sook Kim )
This essay explores how James Joyce rejects normative, monolithic concepts of history/historiography and nation/nationalism and how he reconfigures in "Cyclops" alternative forms of histories/historiographies and nations/nationalisms. Hinging upon Paul Ricoeur`s account of "narrative" in histories and Hayden White`s notion of "the historical text as literary artifact," this study puts a great emphasis on the possibility of multiple perspectives by which to look at and interpret history in the process of narrativization and textualization. More importantly, inspired by recent postcolonial theories, especially, Homi Bhabha`s notion of the nation as a "liminal" and "in-between" space and David Lloyd`s exploration of the nation as an "anomalous" space, this article further examines how Joyce participates in re-narrating hegemonic formations of the nation. When re-read as an alternative historiography, it becomes evident that "Cyclops" embodies a sort of carnival in which alternative possibilities of historical narratives are imagined in the form of interpolations. This alternative vision of history/historiography, more importantly, suggests an alternative vision of nation/nationalism in which nationalist imagination of the subaltern subject such as Leopold Bloom is not excluded along with the Citizen`s cultural nationalism.