보건소 진료실을 이용한 개별보건교육이 고혈압환자의 지식, 자기효능감, 자가간호 행위에 미치는 효과

저작시기 2004.01 |등록일 2004.10.29 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 10페이지 | 가격 4,000원
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발행기관 : 한국보건간호학회 수록지정보 : 한국보건간호학회지 / 18권 / 1호 / 80 ~ 89 페이지
저자명 : 이현정 ( Lee Hyeon Jeong )

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This study focused on individual health education for people with hypertension who were being seen in public health centers. The program was on adjusted intervention program that considered the characteristics of each individual and reflected to individual`s will to change. Each individual had a different lifestyle with different characteristics and habits so the study considered these individual`s characteristics. A comparison was done of knowledge related to hypertension, self-efficacy, and self-care in these individuals. In order to determine the effectiveness of education given by the nurses the variables were measured before and after the individual health education program. The participants in this study were 85 people with hypertension who were seen at a public health center in G city. They were assigned to an experimental group (43) and a control group (42). A tool developed by Park Young-Im (1994) was used to measure knowledge related to hypertension and self-efficacy. A tool developed by Lee Young-Whee (1994) was used for self-care. Data collection was done for 10 weeks from March 24 to May 31, 2003 using interviews with questionnaires. The following is a summary of the results of the study. Hypothesis 1. "the experimental group which had the individual health education will have higher knowledge score on hypertension than the control group that did not have the individual health education" was supported (t=4.17, p=0.00). Hypothesis 2. "the experimental group which had the individual health education will have higher self-efficacy scores than the control group that did not have the individual health education" was supported (t=4.06, P=0.00). Hypothesis 3. "the experimental group which had the individual health education will have better self-care ability than the control group that did not have the individual health education" was supported (t=4.94, P=0.00). Based on the results of this study, the public health centers should develop an educational program that uses a variety of visual aids and assess the effects of the education on patients with different chronic diseases. After the development of an inclusive education program which will standardize health education effectively and provide a variety of teaching methods, study is needed to measure changes in lifestyle after education and to determine how much knowledge related to hypertension, self-efficacy, and self-care increase

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