ㆍ발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회ㆍ수록지정보 : 영어영문학연구 / 50권 / 1호 / 151 ~ 164 페이지 ㆍ저자명 : Park, Chang-beom
There are plenty of phonological processes in natural language that only occur in the context of particular morphemes or lexical categories. The question is how such morpheme (or lexicon) specific processes, sometimes called exceptionality, can be captured in the framework of Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993, McCarthy and Prince 1995). Two different types of treatment have mostly been proposed: (i) structural prespecification like floating features, mora, underspecification, etc (Zoll 1996, 2001, Inkelas, Orgun and Zoll 1997, Inkelas 2000, Wolf 2007, Kager to appear, and many others), and (ii) diacritic approach, mostly employing morpheme-specific constraints (Hammond 1995, Golston and Wiese 1995, Golston 1996, Russel 1995, Yip 1998, Pater 2000, 2004, 2007, Ota 2004, Green 2005, Flack to appear, and many others). The purpose of this study is to compare the two different views and to show that the latter is superior to the former in accounting for exceptional plural formation implemented by umlaut in English and German.