결함범주로서의 영어 가정법 종속절

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2020.03.17
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2020.03
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판매자한국학술정보(주)
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서지정보

발행기관 : 한국현대영어영문학회 수록지정보 : 현대영어영문학 / 64권 / 1호
저자명 : 홍성심 ( Hong Sungshim )

영어 초록

The current paper examines the English subjunctive construction from a generative syntactic perspective. English Subjunctives have long been the peripheral topic by reference grammarians such as Fowler & Fowler(1906), Greenbaum (1996), Quirk, et al.(1972, 1985), and Huddleston & Pullum (2002), as well as by many prescriptive grammarians. On the other hand, the scholars within the generative syntax frameworks have not paid much attention to the grammatical phenomena, although there are some discussions in Haegeman & Gueron (1999), Aarts (2012), Radford (2004, 2009, 2018), and Gelderen (2017). According to Portner (2018), Mood has never been very syntactic. In this paper, however, on the basis of peculiar properties of the English mandative subjunctives such as the lack of DO-support, the lack of BE/HAVE-raising, the lack of verbal agreement, but the presence of nominative subject, etc it is argued that first, the relationship between the licensor and licensee can be structurally described in terms of anti-Clausemate Condition (ACC) which states that “the licensor” needs to be situated outside of the clausal boundary of the subjunctive subordinate CP. Secondly, the English subjunctive that-CP is a defective category, just like believe-type ECM verbs take a defective category, TP, as its complement clause. Unlike ECM-TP, however, subjunctive projection is defective due to the defectiveness of [irrealis] which is inherited by TP and T’s feature matrix. Some of the theoretical ramifications are of great interest under Chomsky’s (2008) Feature Inheritance (FI) approach, since some of the features (such as EPP) of a phase head, C<sup>0</sup>, are inherited by another core functional head, T<sup>0</sup>, and not surprisingly some of the features are born in it. (Chungnam National University)

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