When South Korea was colonized during World War II, China was the main battlefield, where the literature of the Anti-Japanese War developed greatly. From South Korea’s lost in the war to the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, thousands of fearless Korean exiles came to China to fight against the Japanese imperial colonizers and struggle for the revolution of China as well as for the independence of South Korea. At that time, many Korean exiles, armed with pen, revealed and criticized the imperialist power and cultural hegemony through writing their experience in China. Moreover, they shared common discourse and mutual recognition with other Chinese writers and actively advanced the Sino-Korean Anti-Japanese joint front. The narrative of the Korean exiles’ experience in China includes Chinese revolutionary narrative, the narrative of struggle, the military narrative of the Anti-Japanese War, and the narrative of homesickness. The enormousworks of the Korean exiles’ experience in China present the Korean exiles’ zeitgeist, their understanding of East Asia, their knowledge of China, Sino-Korean cooperation, modern consciousness, and national spirit. By blurring the boundaries of different narrative modes, the narrative of the Korean exiles’ experience in China indicates the characteristics of Chinese and Korean bilingual writing, Chinese and Korean co-writing, and Chinese and Korean cultural hybridity. The narrative of the Korean exiles’ experience in China has crucial ideological and aesthetic values since it helps to restore historical scenes, activate historical memories, and discover and reassess East Asian spirit in the 20th century. The narrative of the Korean exiles’ experience in China plays an important role in Korean literary history of Anti-Japanese War and the history of modern and contemporary literature exchange between China and South Korea.