The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between self-construal and leisure involvement among water-recreation participants. Using convenience sampling, the authors collected data from the visitors of water sports facilities in Gapyeong. A total of 462 surveys were used to test whether self-construal influences the dimensions of leisure involvement. Using SPSS 23.0, we performed descriptive, correlation, and reliability analysis. Further, we conducted confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis using Lisrel 8.70. The results showed that water recreationists’ independent self-construal positively influenced attraction and social bonding, but negatively predicted centrality. Alternately, interdependent self-construal had positive impacts on centrality, social bonding, identity affirmation and identity expression. Until now, only cross-cultural studies dealt with self-construal to interpret human behavior in general. However, this study uncovered how different types of self-construal formulate recreational involvement in the context of water-based leasure setting.