ㆍ발행기관 : 서울대학교 미국학연구소ㆍ수록지정보 : 미국학 / 41권 / 2호 ㆍ저자명 : 강우성 ( Woosung Kang )
This paper attempts to categorize the so-called “Irish-American Literature” in terms of its “metonymic Irishness” manifested in the literary works of Peter Finley Dunne, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Cormac McCarthy. Irishness has often been identified with the image of “sorrowful Ireland” with which scholars of literary field in American literature denote the specific character of Irish people and the ethnicity of Irish-Americans. Shorn of strong ethnic identity while maintaining its otherness, Irish-American literatures of the 20th century also resist accepting the negative representation of Irish identity in American culture, thus problematizing the whole logic of “identity politics” in America and criticizing the racial and even cannibalistic history of American society. Metonymic Irishness of Irish-American literature, therefore, presents the unassimilable ethnicity that repeatedly reappears as a McCarthican “apocalyptic narrative.” In this sense, metonymic Irishness could be a dark emblem of the distorted Americanness of American literature.