기술혁신과 중소기업 고용에 관한 사례 연구

저작시기 2017.12 |등록일 2018.05.19 | 최종수정일 2018.11.14 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 158페이지 | 가격 20,000원
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서지정보

발행기관 : 과학기술정책연구원 수록지정보 : 정책연구
저자명 : 이윤준, 장훈, 이원철

목차

[표지]
[발간사]
[목차]
표목차
그림목차
[요약]
1. 연구 배경 및 필요성
2. 연구 프레임워크
3. 이론적 배경
4. 고용 · 노동 정책 현황 및 중소기업 반응
5. 고용창출 성과 분석
6. 일자리 창출 중소기업 사례
7. (분석결과 종합) 일자리 창출 중소기업 최적 성장 경로
8. 중소기업의 일자리 창출을 위한 정책제언
[제1장 서론]
제1절 연구 배경 및 필요성
제2절 연구 프레임워크
[제2장 이론적 배경 및 선행연구]
제1절 기술혁신과 고용성과 간 관계
제2절 수출과 고용성과 간 관계
제3절 거래유형과 고용성과 간 관계
[제3장 고용 · 노동 정책현황 및 중소기업 반응]
제1절 중소기업 고용 및 노동 관련 정책현황 및 이슈
제2절 중소기업 고용 및 노동 정책 관련 업계 반응
[제4장 고용창출 성과 분석]
제1절 분석 개요
제2절 분석 결과
[제5장 일자리 창출 중소기업 사례]
제1절 일자리 창출 중소기업 사례 선정
제2절 일자리 창출 중소기업 사례
제3절 사례 시사점
[제6장 정책 제언]
제1절 일자리 창출 중소기업 성장경로
제2절 정책제언
[참고문헌]
[Summary]
[Contents]
[연구보고서 발간 목록]
[보고서 판매 안내]

영어 초록

According to a recent report on the unemployment trend of major countries, released by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the jobless rate of OECD members has been decreasing since 2012 whereas Korea’s unemployment rate is increasing with an even sharper rise among youths. In brief, unemployment caused by the lack of jobs poses a serious challenge for the national economy.
With this problem in mind, South Korean President Moon Jae-In and his administration identified job creation as top priority on the agenda “to make the economy better for everyone,” championed as its major policy goal. This is based on the belief that job creation is the best way to spur growth and improve well-being of the general public. More jobs mean higher household income, which in turn boosts consumption and activates investment and production, putting the national economy back on track of a virtuous cycle(The State Affairs Planning Advisory Committee, 2017). Policy directions to achieve this goal can be summarized as: income-led growth, job-centered economy, fair economy, and innovative growth.
At the core of the job creation policy lies small-and-medium sized enterprises (SMEs), which accounts for 99 percent of the corporations in number and 88 percent in total employment. Despite its significance, however, they are limited in their capacity to create new jobs in terms of technological competitiveness not to mention the size. According to the IMD report on the competitiveness of the SMEs, Korea ranked 56th among 61 countries and labor productivity compared to large companies was a mere 29.7%, about half that of the world’s major countries including Germany(60.8%) and Japan(56.5%).
Against this backdrop, this study aims to offer an empirical analysis on the relationship between technology innovation in SMEs and employment and to suggest ways to create new jobs in SMEs. Corporate innovation activities are classified into two categories, product innovation and process innovation and ases are studied respectively to make policy suggestions. Besides the analysis and suggestions in terms of innovative growth, this paper also covers the domain of fair economy(transaction type and unfair trade) and job-centered economy (raising minimum wage and reducing irregular jobs).
Analysis results show that the optimal growth path toward job creation and expansion through SMEs’ start-ups and growth is to accelerate “Born Global” start-ups targeting global while encouraging the activation of in-company start-ups with high possibility of survival and growth, through the investment of the parent company and sharing its various network and distribution channels. After a start-up is launched, greater attention should be paid to the expansion and diversification of the market through innovation of products and process. What really matters at this stage is proactive technological innovation preparing for the future. Instead of improving the existing products, the firms need to develop new products and take a step further to enter a new industry through innovation. This should be followed by ‘process innovation→ expansion and diversification of the market → product innovation’, in a virtuous circle.
It should be a priority to increase R&D budget for SMEs and eliminate unfair subcontracting practices and to promote technological innovation based on the research results, rather than lending temporary support such as grant or tax incentives for job creation. At the same time, it should be noted that a rise in minimum wage and reduced work hour will result in an overall wage increase but it can be offset by productivity gain. This is why it is important to continue support to help them to enhance productivity including process innovation.

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