The Limit of Gene-Culture Co-evolutionary Theory

저작시기 2017.09 |등록일 2017.10.21 | 최종수정일 2018.11.14 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 19페이지 | 가격 6,000원
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발행기관 : 한국인지과학회 수록지정보 : 인지과학 / 28권 / 3호
저자명 : Min-seop Lee, Dayk Jang

목차

Introduction
Cultural evolution theory and the human uniqueness problem
Co-evolutionary Theory and Positive Feedback
Limit of positive feedback
A new understanding of co-evolutionary theory
Conclusion
References

영어 초록

The theories of cultural evolution hold subtly or clearly different stances about definition of culture, pattern of cultural evolution, biases that affect cultural evolution, and relationship between culture and organism. However, the cultural evolution theories have a common problem to solve: As the evolutionary theory of life tries to explain the early steps and the origin of life, the cultural evolution theories also must explain the early steps of the cultural evolution and the role of the human capability that makes cultural evolution possible. Therefore, explanations of the human’s unique traits including the cultural ability are related to determine which one is the most plausible among many cultural evolution theories. Theories that tried to explain human uniqueness commonly depict the coevolution of gene (organism) and culture. We will explicitly call the niche construction theory and the dual inheritance theory the ‘gene-culture co-evolutionary theory’. In these theories, the most important concept is the ‘concept of positive feedback’. In this paper, we distinguish between core positive feedback and marginal positive feedback, according to whether the trait that the concept of positive feedback explains is the trait of human uniqueness. Both types of positive feedback effectively explain the generality of human uniqueness and the diversity of human traits driven by cultural groups. However, this positive feedback requires an end, in contrast to negative feedback which can be continued in order to maintain homeostasis. We argue that the co-evolutionary process in the gene-culture co-evolutionary theories include only the positive feedback, not covering the cultural evolution after the positive feedback. This thesis strives to define the coevolution concept more comprehensively by suggesting the potential relationships between gene and culture after the positive feedback.

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