조선 초기 왕실 가족 질서 정비의 특징

등록일 2017.03.07 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 28페이지 | 가격 6,300원
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발행기관 : 한국여성사학회 수록지정보 : 여성과 역사 / 1권
저자명 : 박경 ( Park Kyoung )

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The characteristics coming from family order maintenance of the Joseon Dynasty royal family can be divided into the following two categories in large. At first, a marital system of one husband and one wife had been established as marital status of the king from the earlier times. A regulation had been prepared that allowed only a legitimate wife to be bestowed a queen since the King Gongyang of Goryo Kingdom, which gave each king a right to grace the queen with a title ever since. However, it was otherwise in a case the queen died or was expelled. After then, the King Taejong and the King Sejong had successfully led system maintenance process so that the position of the queen came up with a more secured one as a legitimate wife of the king in the system. In particular, the King Sejong ordered to call `wangbi(王妃)` instead of calling `○bi(○妃)`s gracing beautiful titles to the queen, to make sure that one lady could become a only wife of the king. Moreover, naemyeongbu(內命婦) system was established and various kinds of ceremonial procedures were prepared so that the relation between the queen and royal concubines, the queen and officers, the queen and waemyeongbu(外命婦) was that of sovereign and subject. The system of investiture with the titles of nobility of the royal concubines had gradually been systemized since the King Taejong. It is, however, especially notable that the King Sejong had established naegwan · goonggwan(內官·宮官) system. The rating of the royal concubines had divided more specifically than before, besides I found meaningful that the royal concubines had entered into the official rank system. After the establishment of this regulation, a royal concubine from a court lady(宮人) happened to take high official ranks than those from the nobility and respect to those royal concubines were made according to their official ranks, not their birth. This means that investiture with the titles of nobility of the royal concubines was affected more likely by the prestige of the king rather than social ranks system. In case of system of investiture with the titles of nobility of the princes, in the 12th year of the King Taejong birth of the prince`s mother as well as legitimacy and illegitimacy were only criteria for bestowing rank and investiture with the titles of nobility for princes. Even though the prince comes from a royal concubine, the prince`s rank varies depending upon birth of the prince`s mother, the gap of ranks depending upon the prince`s mother had, however, gradually reduced till the 25th year of the King Sejong. At the time, legitimacy and illegitimacy were the only criteria for gracing investiture with the titles of nobility, no further differential investiture with the titles of nobility were made any longer according to birth of the prince`s mother. In addition, in gyeonggukdaejun(經國大典), a legitimate daegun(大君) and an illegitimate wangjagun(王子君) were all provided for human beings over the ranks. It is meaningful in the sense that the prestige of children as sons of the king had gradually affected a system that children were differently rated their position according to birth of both father and mother. Through these, when seen from characteristics of family order maintenance of the early Joseon Dynasty, an importance was put on classification of legitimacy and illegitimacy based upon a marital system of one husband and one wife and a prestige of the king as a special human being had been systemized legally differentiated from ordinary people.

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