독도 영유권에 대한 역사적 고찰

최초 등록일
2003.07.10
최종 저작일
2003.07
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서지정보

발행기관 : 한국동서사학회 수록지정보 : 동서사학 / 2권
저자명 : 유재택(Jae Taik Yoo)

영어 초록

Through a historical studs-, I will attempt to disprove Japan`s right of possession over the Tok-Do Islands. Tok-Do is a small uninhabitable island consisting of just two rock formations. Tok-Do is located 92km east of Ulleung-Do and 160km from the Japanese island of Oki. For many years the Ulleung-Do people used the Tok-Do islands for fishing and it belongs to Ulleung-Do. In June of 51Z, C`*eneral Yisabu of the Silla Kingdom conquered Ulleung-Do, which of course includes Tok-Do. In September of 1696, rlhn Yong Bok, a fisherman repelled some Japanese fishermen from Ulleung-Do and Tok-Do and went to Japan to certify that the two islands were under Korean sovereignty. Japanese officals of the state acknowledged Korean righta over the islands and restricted their people from the islands. At that time(Chosun Dynasty ), the Korean government issued a Royal ordinance to include the islands(Illeung-Do and Tok-D~) into the local county- (Kun). The islands were offically conferred the rights, obligations. and previleges c~f being Part of mainland Korea. In 1904, Japan began to surloress Korea with military power and started a war with Russia(Ruso-Japanese war$gt; on Feburary 9, 1904. During the war, Japan decided and issued an edict of county to merge Tok-Do unilaterally with the Simane county on Feburary- 22, 1905. In 19 Ei, the official of LTlleung county, Shim Heung Taik reported to the state governor that Tok-Do which belonged to L`lleung-Do was taken over by Japan. Parallel with the liberation of Korea, American Military Authority (Government) controlled Korea for 3 years until August 1945 and Japan for 6 years until 1951. AMG controlled Tok-Do as a Korean Island. The SuPerme Commander of the Allied Power issued several official doc:uments(SCAPIN) in which Japanese territory was divided. SCAPIl\T document 667 issued on March 22, 1946 certified Japanese territory, restricting them from(and with the document of $quot;Governmental and Administrative separation of Certain Outlying Areas from Japan$quot;) Ulleung-Do, Cheju-Do and Southern islands of Ryuku. In 1952, Korean president Lee Syng Man drew a so-called Peace Line around Korea, which of course, included Tok-Do. Tok-Do has been under Korea control until now. There is no reason to argue about the possession of Tok-Do. Because Tok-Do is linked to Korea historically and in terms of international law, Koreans know it is their territory. Japan`s claim is only political and won`t allow itself to back-dawn in fear of looking weak. Even though Japan claims the Tok-Do islands, many conscientious scholars and politicaians know that it belongs to Korea.

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