휘트먼의 " 나 자신의 노래 " 에 나타난 보살도

저작시기 2000.01 |등록일 2003.07.10 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 26페이지 | 가격 6,100원
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발행기관 : 한국문학과종교학회 수록지정보 : 문학과종교 / 5권 / 1호 / 113 ~ 138 페이지
저자명 : 최희섭(Hie Sup Choi)

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Walt Whitman`s $quot;Song of Myself$quot; is a poem singing and praising not only the poet`s self but also other people`s selves. The motif is to identify the poet`s self with other people`s selves, because the poet thought that each individual possessed a seed to become the supreme in his mind. Whitman acknowledged every inanimate object as well as animate object had the seed, called the nature of Buddha, even though he didn`t use the Buddhist term. Actually the poet denied having any knowledge about the Oriental thoughts and/or Buddhism, but his prose works and poems show that he grasped the basic ideas of them. His experience as an editor and publisher, the popularity of Oriental thoughts in New England at that time, and his close acquaintance with transcendentalists were enough circumstantial evidences for him to get in contact with Oriental thoughts and Buddhism. Whitman realized that every object in the world has the nature of Buddha in its mind, and when it was delivered from worldly existence in the long run, it would become a Buddha. When a person acquires Nirvana, he can understand the physical world is emptiness itself and emptiness is the physical world itself. Whitman seems to know this, at least theoretically. This understanding is at the bottom of his sympathizing other people and all the animate and inanimate objects. The poet shows mercy to every object within his reach, and encourages others to follow him and acquire nirvana and become masters (that is Buddha), even though it may take a very long time. They are not different from him, because all the things in the world are bound up with the $quot;same old law$quot;. He dares to give his $quot;self$quot; away to others, to help them to realize they are not different from his $quot;self$quot; and the physical world. It is doubtful whether he himself reached the state of Nirvana, but he tries to help others by giving himself away like a Bodhi-sattva.

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