논문 : 후기로마제국은 쇠퇴와 몰락의 시기였는가?

저작시기 1999.01 |등록일 2003.07.10 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 24페이지 | 가격 5,900원
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발행기관 : 한국서양고전학회 수록지정보 : 서양고전학연구 / 13권 / 277 ~ 300 페이지
저자명 : 정기문(Gi Moon Jung)

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Was the Late Roman Empire a period of decline and fall In Renaissance period, people saw themselves living in an age different from the previous ten centuries. They called the intermediary period `Middle Dark Age`. In 18th century, E. Gibbon, who consolidated this idea, argued the Late Roman Empire was a period of decline and fall. Gibbon`s thesis was so predominant that all scholars didn`t challenge to him for a long time. Furthermore M. Rostvtzeff argued this period was not only a period of decline and fall but also a period of despotism. A. H. M. Jones asserted we should not overemphasize the extent of decline and fall. But he didn`t 65) T. Lewit, Agricultural Production in the Romm Economy A.D. 20b-9(J0, (Tempus Reparatum, 1991), pp. 9-ll. deny this period was stagnant. For the first time H. Pirenne challenged Gibbon`s thesis. He argued there were economic recovery and social stability in this period. P. Brown developed this idea. He criticised many scholars had misused the sources so far and claimed this period acGOmplished great cultural achievement. Brown`s thesis was supported by many scholars. For example Whittaker argued there wasn`t any serious abandonment of the land. Now we should give up the thesis of Gibbon. Many new sources and views ascertain there were economic and social stability and cultural achievement in this period. And we must consider what the people of the late Roman Empire thought. They didn`t think that Roman Empire fell and there was a serious problems in their period. But all problems are not solved. In fact there was a great transformation in this period. We must study continuously when this transformation occurred and what is the characteristic of the transformation.

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