공동연구 : 아우구스투스의 혼인법들과 프린켑스 정치 ( Principatus )
저작시기 1997.01 |등록일 2003.07.10 어도비 PDF (pdf) | 30페이지 | 가격 6,500원
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ㆍ저자명 : 김덕수(Deog Su Kim)
ㆍ저자명 : 김덕수(Deog Su Kim)
영어 초록Augustus attempted three times to introduce, so-called marriage laws and succeeded to pass lex Iulia de maritnadis ordinibus and lex Iulia de adulteriis coercendis(in 18 B.C.), lex Papia Poppaea(in A.D. 9). There were many controvercies about the aim and the meanining of Augustan marriage laws. Some scholars, such as Gardthhausen, Frank, and Galinsky, regarded the laws as moral law. In the late republic and early principate, the Romans enjoyed a great deal of sexual freedom. Before the time of Augustus there was no criminal law about adultry. But now the adulterers tried in the quaestio perpetua. So it was held that Augustus wanted to curb immorality and revive ancient Roman virtue. On the other hand Hugh Last, Ferrero, and P.A. Brunt, pointed to the demografic motive and argued that Augustus` primary purpose was to stimulate the birthrate and, especially to secure the state`s military manpower. But the tradional views do not consider the political background when the law was made. Why did Augustus try to pursue it unceasingly from the early outset of his reign almost down to his death. Augustus was the champion of the civil wars and wanted to be monarch, but learned a lesson from Caesar. So he seemingly acted as if he were republican. In 27 B.C. he offered to surrender all his powers to the senate and the roman people and proclaimed `res publics restituta`. But since then he concentrated all powers that various magistrates had assum separately during the republican period. He was consul, censor, tribune, pontifex maximus all in the same year. He himself asserted that he was going to restore the republic, but was a revolusionist. So Augustan Marriage Laws had to be regarded as a part of his ideology for the rule of an man. By the Augustan Marriage Laws the state became to interfere with the traditionally most private matters of human conduct, such as marriage, divorce. In 2 B.C. Senate voted Augustus the title Father of the Fatherland (Pater Patriae). He himself was the state.
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