일본 문화의 종교성과 선교방향에 관한 연구

저작시기 2001.01 |등록일 2003.07.10 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 25페이지 | 가격 6,000원
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발행기관 : 한국기독교학회 수록지정보 : 한국기독교신학논총 / 21권 / 431 ~ 455 페이지
저자명 : 조재국(Jai Kook Cho)

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This study analyzes Japanese culture in the light of its religious substance in order to find out the method and direction for christian mission. Korean churches are calling for a new strategy for long term mission for other countries due to their experience abroad. Particularly, the mission to Japan is different from 3rd world countries, because Japan`s economic situation is better than Korea`s. This thesis aims to understand the necessity for a new strategy for Korean christian mission in Japan. For this, we must understand the underlying structure of the Japanese culture and religions and then analyze the process of secularization of Japanese traditional religions and the basic ground of spirituality in Japanese popular culture so that we may understand the religious substance of Japanese cultures. Also the study analyzes the hisitorical characteristics of christian reception, and the necessity of christian missions in order to explore new directions for christian missions in Japan. Mr. Shuich Kato points out competitive collectivism, secularism and a present-centered attitude as the underlying characteristics of Japanese culture. According to him, Japanese collectivism is not a class-oriented society but a goal-oriented society. The religious elements are strong in Japanese high culture as well as in popular culture. However, during the process of modernization, Japanese traditional religions have been transformed into as secular institutions. Buddhism, which is the biggest religion in Japan, has been mocked as "the funeral religion," and Buddhist temples have been reduced into sightseeing places as well as funeral service places. Shinto shrines are no longer respected by people because of their supports for World War Ⅱ. In the meantime, arguments about the religious characteristics of Shinto shrines have continued. Mr. Yamaori Tetsuo said that the collapse of religion has resulted in atheistic intellectuals in modern Japanese society. While Japanese religions can not give people religious satisfaction due to secularization, Japanese popular culture and cult groups may appeal to people and respond to their religious demands. This essay discuss Yonka(popular music), cult religion and the Yakuza, Japanese gangsters, which may contain the characteristics of their religious needs. Japanese churches need to respond to the demands of the Japanese people to solve the problems of christian mission work in those situations. The Japanese United Christian Churches which is the biggest denomination, numbers about 68,000 throughout all the congregation of worship service on Sunday, and its number is less than the number of one church in Korea. We can mention several points as causes; In the beginning, Christian missions had targeted intellectuals, therefore Japanese churches were formed as elite churches. Early Japanese christians rejected denomination and churchcentered idea and took to the non-church movements. In conclusion, we can suggest three points of direction and strategy; Japanese churches have to plan their strategy to respond to the religious demands of low-class people and for more effective mission, churches must take useful methods from cult religions while analyzing them critically. Today`s churches must plan to reduce knowledge church` of elite people into behavior church` of the masses.

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