논문 : 독 , 소 불가침 조약 ( 1939. 8. 23 ) 의 성립 - 소련 측의 동기 분석을 중심으로 -

등록일 2003.07.10 | 최종수정일 2016.07.18 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 30페이지 | 가격 6,500원
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발행기관 : 한국서양사학회 수록지정보 : 서양사론 / 68권
저자명 : 황동하(Dong Ha Hwang)

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This article sets out to analyse some points as follows. When Germany decided to attack on Poland in the spring of 1939, the Western powers wanted to restrict German aggression. The British and French response was to secure Polish borders. On the other hand the Soviets proposed a triple alliance, which protected peace to all the states between the Baltic and Black Seas. Both sides had sharp differences on the national security problems of the Eastern Europe. The triple alliance negotiations started with much considerations. The key issues were over guarantees of the Baltic states and negotiations for a military convention tied to the political agreement. The triple alliance negotiations dragged on, haggling over endless wordings of these problems. From the Soviet`s point of view, the experience of negotiating with the British and French had not exactly been encouraging. They had dragged their feet throughout the triple alliance negotiations. In this atmosphere the Soviet government began to contemplate the possibility of an agreement with Nazi Germany. From about the mid-April Germany let the Soviet government know that they were ready to improve relations. The Soviets had suspected that German`s approaches were the part of some kind of petit jeu aimed at disrupting the triple alliance negotiations. However it was not by the end of July that the Soviets were seriously considering German`s approaches. From 11th August, therefore, the Soviets developed `double diplomacy`. The triple alliance negotiations were interrupted because the Western allies could not guarantee that Rumania and Poland would allow Soviet troops to pass through their territory. The Soviets knew that in early August German diplomatic initiatives toward the Soviets became more pressing as German military preparations for an invasion of Poland became matured. It seems that the Soviet leadership up to the last minute did not chose its course, but simply kept its options open. By the middle of August, however, the international situation changed suddenly. The German war plans called for an invasion of Poland on August 17 and the Soviets knew it. Now the Soviets had to choose. While the triple alliance negotiations was brought to a deadlock over this problems, Germany offered a Soviet-German `condominium` in Eastern Europe. In the situation that the likelihood of reaching the triple alliance was uncertain, the Soviets had to avoid the impending war. That is, the Soviets might have the aim of avoiding a war with Nazi Germany in Eastern Europe while Britain and France stood on the sidelines. And so, the Soviets accepted Hitler`s offer. (Sookmyoung Women`s University)

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