라전어 . 희랍어 . 범어 동사굴절체계 비교분석

저작시기 1995.01 |등록일 2003.07.10 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 54페이지 | 가격 9,400원
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발행기관 : 경남대학교 인문과학연구소 수록지정보 : 인문논총 / 17권 / 115 ~ 168 페이지
저자명 : 박기용 ( Ki Yong Park )

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This analysis is aimed at confirming morphological affinity of verb inflection systems among Classic Latin, Greek and Sanskrit in comparison with other Indo-Hittite languages such as Early Latin, Mycenaean Greek; Vedic Sanskrit, Faliscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Ancient Persian, Avestan, Hittite. The verb inflection systems of Latin, Greek and Sanskrit are here classified into present-, preterite-, and aorist-stem conjugation systems, derivative-stem inflection ones, and periphrastic inflection ones as well. The findings here are summarized as follows: ⓐ The said athematic, thematic, mi- or o ̄-form verbs are combined into three types such as mi-form athematic (Latin, Greek and Sanskrit), mi-form thematic (Sanskrit), and o--form thematic (Latin and Greek); the first one is realized in `mi-verbs`(Latin and Greek), and `Second-Conjugation` verbs (Sanskrit) ; the second one, in `First-Conjugation` verbs (Sanskrit): and the third one, in `o ̄-verbs`(Latin and Greek). ⓑ Now that verbs are inflected according to conjugational categories such as voices, moods, tenses, aspect, persons and numbers or declensional ones such as genders, numbers, cases and grades, their inflection systems are classified into the conjugation systems of finite verbs realized by conjugational categories, and the inflection systems of verbals by conjugational and declensional ones. The conjugational strings of conjugation systems and the conjugational sterns of conjugational strings are composed of those of conjugational stems (present, preterite, aorist) -conjugational endings and roots-affixes(voices, moods, tenses, aspect)-,respectively, while the inflectional strings of inflection systems and the inflectional stems of inflectional strings are done of those of conjugational stems-derivative affixes (infinitives, gerund, participles, supines) -(residuals) endings and roots-affixes(voices, moods, tenses, aspect) (-conjugational thematic vowels)- derivative affixes (infinitives, gerund, participles, supines)-, respectively. The said conjugational stems are fused with -(conjugational vowels-)conjujugational endings, while the said inflectional one are done with -(declensional vowels-) (residual) declensional endings. It has been confirmed that these conjugational and inflectional strings have morphological affinity not only among Classic Latin, Greek, Sanskrit but also among Early Latin, Faliscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Mycenaean Greek, Ancient Persian, Avestan, Hittite. ⓒ The inflectional strings of verbals are here confirmed to be conjugation-declension syncretisms which are built up by conjugational categories prior to conjugational thematic vowels and by declensional ones posterior to those. ⓓ "◎"(Praeneste Latin of 600 B. C.:DEKAHFEHF→fhefhaked) has been here analyzed into fh-e-fhak-e-d(→fe¨-c-i-t <he made), Classic Latin); `fc-i-t` is regarded as formed from haplology(←fh-e-fhak-e-d) and compensatory lengthening(f cit←fh ked←fhe ̄ked), and thereby it is probable that a kind of perfect stems, such as e ̄g- or ce ̄p-, derived from reduplicate syllable and a part of root.

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