북한(北韓)의 대외경제개방(對外經濟開放) 추세(趨勢)와 전망(展望)

최초 등록일
2016.03.17
최종 저작일
1989.01
39페이지/파일확장자 어도비 PDF
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판매자한국학술정보(주)
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* 본 문서는 배포용으로 복사 및 편집이 불가합니다.

서지정보

발행기관 : 평화문제연구소 수록지정보 : 통일문제연구 / 1권 / 3호
저자명 : 박동철 ( Dong Chul Park )

영어 초록

The paper mainly analyzes the open-door policy of North Korea economies since North Korea promulgated a joint venture law, on September 8, 1984. The main characteristic of North Korean economic development is called selfreliance for the building of a solid, independent national economy. The main emphasis is on the development of heavy industry, then the development of light industry and agriculture together. This involves building the economy and society with modern technology, relying on and developing the nation`` So resources training specialists and technicians. and maintaining a collective economic system. North Korea has developed its economy in this direction since the 1950s and foreign trade with socialist countries has expanded. In the early 19705, economic exchanges were opened with western countries. In the 1980s North Korean economic strategy has made a turn towards a more active open -door policy the target of creating the most comprehensive economic complex based on the principle of "self-reliance" is being replaced by a. search for more rational ways of involving the country in the international division of labour. The growing role of foreign trade in socialist construction found reflection in the decisions of the sixth W·PK congress (1950). "A rapid development of foreign trade" the congress noted, "is a major prerequisite for boosting the economy." The policy of accelerated development of foreign trade was confirmed by the third session of the North Korea Supreme People``s Assembly (seventh convocation) in 1984. The session stressed the need to build up the country``s export potential and use the external factor to raise the scientific and technological level of production. Implementation of these decisions required restructuring of the mechanism of foreign trade management to centralize management. The Ministry of foreign trade and the North Korean Committee for economic ties were merged in the mid1980s into the committee-for external econornicties, Simultaneously, more fights were given to production associations which began to incorporate foreign trade firms of dual subordination to branch ministers and foreign trade organizations. In 1984, to stimulate foreign investments, North Korea passed a law on joint enterprises, This law makes it possible to set up joint companies in industry, transport, science, technology and tourism with the participation of foreign capital to promote joint ventures with western countries, North Korea has continuously established a series of laws and rules and regulations as follows: ( 1) Detailed rules and regulations for the implementation of the law of Republic of Korea on joint ventures on March 20, 1985. (2) Income tax law of the North Korea on joint companies on March 7, 1985. (3) Detailed rules and regulations of the income tax law of the North Korea on joint companies. (4) Foreigner``s income tax law of the North Korea on March 7, 1985. (5) Detailed rules and regulations of the foreigner income tax law of the North Korea on May 17, 1985. The North Korean objectives of joint ventures law is to introduce the most up-to-date science and technology, improve the quality of products and increase export but it has not been successful in this respect because western countries have not had incentives of the investments in North Korea. So far the very joint ventures have been done with Korean residents in Japan. The ``outlook of the open-door policy in North Korea is, therefore, expected to remain stagnant in the future without any expanding of investment incentives, internal market (demand), market rnachanism, policy problems in North Korea,

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