이슬람의 정당한 전쟁 논쟁과 지하드
저작시기 2012.12 |등록일 2015.12.24 | 최종수정일 2018.11.14 어도비 PDF (pdf) | 32페이지 | 가격 6,000원
* 본 문서는 배포용으로 복사 및 편집이 불가합니다.
ㆍ발행기관 : 역사학회 ㆍ수록지정보 : 역사학보 / 216권
ㆍ저자명 : 이희수
ㆍ저자명 : 이희수
II. 이슬람의 정당한 전쟁 담론의 종교적 근거
III. 이슬람의 정의로운 전쟁 담론의 핵심
IV. 알-샤이바니의 정당한 전쟁 담론
V. 정당한 전쟁으로서의 지하드 특성과 역사적 변화
VI. 오사마 빈 라덴의 9.11 사건을 둘러싼 정당한 전쟁 논란
VII. 자살폭탄 공격의 샤리아적 정당성 논쟁
영어 초록Islam has a long history of discussion on the morally legitimate use military force. This paper is to study just war tradition in Islam and its historical application ranging from jihad to the events of 9.11. Alia Brahimi has defined that the just war tradition requires that the following seven criteria to be justified: just cause, right authority, right intention, the goal of peace, overall proportionality of good over evil, last resort, and reasonable hope of success (Brahimi 2010:22). Similarly we can find reliable passages from the Quran to define just war as self-defence. According to Islamic world view, the world is categorized by "territory of Islam" within which Islam is the dominant political reality and "territory of war" which is not governed by Islam. In the territory of Islam, the ruler is a Muslim and the system of government is organized to serve the expansion of Islam. In this sense, war is means to the political end of establishing an Islamic state. However, resort to war requires an order from a legitimate authority. It is also requires a just cause and righteous intention, whose conditions are similar to western criteria for just war.
In the matter of Jihad, in the west, the notions of Jihad and Sharia are no longer unfamiliar to people. Most Muslim scholars teach that Jihad in Islam means only peaceful self-defence and that the inference of radical Muslims has nothing to do with "true" Islam. Despite this unfortunate state of scholarship, this paper widely introduces different ideas and re-interpretations raised by Muslim scholars, but tries to dismiss the over simplifications presented by both Islamophobic and Islamophillic approaches. Jihad in Islam is not equivalent to terrorism, but rather a type of honorable combat which is subjected to strict rules of fighting, including the limiting of military targets.