The Special Examinations (pyŏlsi) in Early Chosŏn

저작시기 2015.06 |등록일 2015.08.07 | 최종수정일 2018.11.14 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 29페이지 | 가격 6,000원
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서지정보

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각 한국학연구원(서울저널) 수록지정보 : SEOUL JOURNAL OF KOREAN STUDIES / 28권 / 1호
저자명 : Park Hyun soon

목차

Introduction
The Emergence of the Special Examination
Occasions for Special Examinations
The Government Service Examination and the Confucian Academy
Conclusion

영어 초록

The triennial civil service examination was instituted right after the foundation of the Chos?n state. However, special examinations (py?lsi) were held frequently alongside triennial examinations by royal order. The frequency of special examinations gradually increased as the Chos?n period progressed and by the late fifteenth century special examinations were held even more often than the regular examinations. In this paper, I will trace the occasions for special examinations in early Chos?n to examine why they were held so frequently. Special examinations began with the royal examination administered directly by the king while more and more occasions were created to hold special examinations. They were held as exhortations to learning, and on the occasion of state rituals and state celebrations, which led to the emergence of the state celebration special examination. The state celebration examinations, having initially taken the form of the royal visitation examination, were conducted separately later in the dynasty. As state celebration examinations emerged, the admission criteria were relaxed in order to attract the greatest possible number of scholars. The fashioning of the special examination alongside the regular triennial examination can be explained by the fact that it became part of the education policy and state celebrations of Chos?n.

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