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ㆍ발행기관 : 국학연구소 ㆍ수록지정보 : 국학연구 / 11권 / 67 ~ 106 페이지
ㆍ저자명 : 박걸순
ㆍ저자명 : 박걸순
영어 초록The terminologies such as Dongguk(East country) and Haedong(East side of the sun) coined by realistic scholars were used from the subjective will trying to make the racial history be independent of the history flattering china. Around the end of Han empire as the racialistic recognition got strengthened, the awareness for Daedong was made and expanded.
The awareness for Daedong after the demolition of Great Han, especially according to the development of the awareness for Manchuria, got more strengthened and was developed with the intense sense for territory, the sense for sovereignty, recovery argument. This was the common view of exile historians such as Lee, Sang-Ryong, Kim, Gyo-Heon, Kim, Jeong-Gyu, Yu, In-Sik, Lee, Won-Tae, and Gye, Bong-Woo.
Among these the Park Eun-Sik(called Baek Am)'s historical view for Daedong represented the historical awareness of the beginning racial historians. His literary works of Korean ancient history were summarized under the historical awareness of Daedong historical view right after his excile to Heung-Do-Cheon, Huanren in West Gando in 1911.
The main point of Park Eun-Sik's awareness of Korean ancient history is Daedong historical view based on the theory of Dangun great king. He said that Dangun is the progenitor of east people and
Key words : Dangundaehwangjo, Dangun-Goguryeo-Balhae, historical nationalism, Park Eun-Sik, thought of national spirit, recovery argument, religion nationalism, the theory of orthodoxy
of historical view of hero, thought of national spirit, thought for saving country by education, view of Daedong. conceptualized Dangun's descendants as Bae-Dal clan. He classified Dangun as the subjective clan and Gi-Ja as the objective clan and explained the racial history as the objective clan had been assimilated to the subjective clan. He also exclaimed the theory of orthodoxy of Dangun-Goguryeo-Balhae.
He recognized that the main body of history is heros and theorized heros-expectation with a great urgency. The successive writing books such as 'Document of Dong-Myeon' saint king, 'Story
of Cheon-Gae-So-Mun', and 'Myeong-Lim-Dab-Bu' shows well his historical view of hero. He also had doctrine of equality and peace. He thought that religion and history had never been separated from the point of racialism view, which was the reason of his expressing Daejonggyo as historical religion. His historical school of 4000 years and the organization and curriculums of several schools shows well his thought for saving country by education.
The basic thought of Park, Eun-Sik's historical view is thought of national spirit and the structure of his historical awareness is historical view of Daedong. The reason why his historical view
strongly expresses racialistic characteristics was his strong aim-oriented character in which his awareness of actuality intending recovery of his native country demolished by Japanese empire was projected.