론문(論文) : 론문 : 국가인권위원회의 인권침해 주요 결정례

저작시기 2007.01 |등록일 2013.12.19 | 최종수정일 2014.09.16 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 48페이지 | 가격 8,800원
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발행기관 : 아세아여성법학연구소 수록지정보 : 아세아여성법학 / 10권
저자명 : 최금숙 ( Keum Sook Choe )

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I have been a non-standing member of the National Human Rights Commission of the Republic of Korea(KNHRC) during past 3 years. With this experience, I selected and observed some decisions among a lot of instances that the human rights commission decided. Above, I observed several important decisions of the KNHRC, and they are human rights cases of compulsory hospitalization of a mental pateent, a patient of Hansen`s disease, a homosexual in army, etc. I am sorry that I introduce and observe only a few decisions because of the shortage of these pages. The KNHRC has purpose and strong will to keep people`s human rights, and it is sometimes in other viewpoint with the supreme court, the constitutional court or the Ministry of Justice. I hope that it will become an opportunity that many people will be able to know this from my paper. The KNHRC has decided so many cases except htose of this paper. The commission decided that it was a violation of human rights that teachers examined elementary school pupil`s diary because elementary school pupils have the right of their private lives. And the KNHRC recognized the freedom of conscience of people(for example, Jehovah`s Witnesses) that refused the fighting services on the reason of conscience or religion. The commission decided that the ministry of National Defense should permit alternative service to them. And also, the KNHRC recommended the government to abolish death penalty system. The police had ever restrained farmers from demonstration if that farmers opposed the National Assembly`s ratification t the FTA(Free Trade Agreement). In that process, the accident that two farmers died occurred, so the KNHRC decided in the petition case that it was police`s excessive defence against the farmer`s demonstration. Somtimes, the facts that prisoners were gotten the violation of human rights from the prison officers were found at the examination of the KNHRC. At that time, the prison officers used to protest against the decisions, saying that \"there are prisoner`s human rights but there are not prison officer`s human rights\". There have been public opinions which have required that the KNHRC do recommend or give expression of opinion to suspend the oppression of human rights of North Korea. However, the KNHRC expressed opinion about fundamental principles of human rights at North Korea in delicate situations. I should put off studies about these decisions. Meanwhile, I can estimate that the role of the KNHRC will be higher and higher and the commission has awaken the people to their human rights. Sometimes, there are occasions that our country introduces Japanese laws, but there are strong voices that the Japanese should learn activities of the NHRC of Korea. I hope that will be accumulated so many decisions, and so the role of the KNHRC to protect the human rights of the people will be great domestically and globally.

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