[서양사] World War I (the Begin and the End)
등록일 2003.02.04 MS 워드 (doc) | 5페이지 | 가격 700원
목차a. The rise of nationalism
b. A build-up of military
c. A system of military alliances
d. Beginning of the War
e. The United States Enter the War
g. The fighting ends.
본문내용The rise of nationalism
Europe avoided major wars in the 100 years before World War 1 began. In the 1800's, a force swept across the continent that helped brings about the Great War. The force was nationalism - the belief that loyalty to a person's nation and its political and economic goals comes before any other public loyalty. During the 1800's nationalism took hold among people who shared a common language, history, or culture. Such people began to view themselves as members a national group or nation. Nationalism led to the creation of two new powers - Italy and Germany - through the uniting of many small states. War had a major role in achieving nation unification in Italy and Germany. On the other hand, nationalism weakened the eastern European empires of Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Ottoman Turkey. Those empires ruled many national groups that clamored for independence. The Balkan Peninsula or the "Powder Keg of Europe" because tensions there threatened to ignite a major war. Rivalry for control of the Balkans added to the tensions that erupted into World War 1.
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