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저작시기 1976.01 |등록일 2003.07.10 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 17페이지 | 가격 5,200원
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장바구니관심자료
상세신규 배너

서지정보

발행기관 : 경남대학교 인문과학연구소 수록지정보 : 인문논총 / 1권 / 25 ~ 41 페이지
저자명 : 김차균 ( Chagyun Gim )

영어 초록

Stops, nasals and affricates are pronounced by three stages between two vowels: a stage(approaching stage) : an articulator approaches to a point of articulation, b stage(contact stage) : an articulator is in contact with a point of articulation, c stage(oppening stage) : an articulator comes off from a .point .of articulation. The three stages can be diagrammed as the following (그림) Between a pause or a consonant and a vowel the consonants mentioned above are pronounced by a+b+c or b+c. But in this case the acoustic value of the a is nearly negligible. And they are pronounced by a+b+c or a+b between a vowel and a consonant or a pause in Korean, but the acoustic value of the c is nearly negligible. If we consider the a or c of which the acoustic value is nearly negligible as nothing, we can get the following rule in Korean. (1) (수식) In Korean the rule (l·i) is applied to affricates and fricatives which don`t possess b stage between two vowels. Thus the following morphemic alternations take place in the syllable final or word final position: (2) /b p P^h/ → [P^¬] /d t t^h/→[t^¬] /j c c^h s s^h/→[t^¬] /g k k^h/→[k^¬] /r/→[l] /m/→[m^¬] /n/→[n^¬] /ŋ/→[ŋ^¬] In the above b, d, g, j; p, t, k, c, s; and p^h, t^h, k^h, c^h, s^h refer to nontense and nonaspirated, tense and nonaspirated, and tense and aspirated respectively. In Korean, any consonant clusters are not permitted in, the word-initial or fina1 position. When a native Korean listens to English words strict[strik^¬t] and stricken[strikn], he mistakes them for four syllable words as follows: (3) strik^¬t : Cv. Cv. CVC. Cv strikn : Cv. Cv. CV. CvC The distribution of the v`s which are written by small character corresponds to that of the c stages, The phonetic properties of a c(=v) is similar to a vowel(=V), because both of them are pronounced by opening the mid-line of oral passage. Thus we can call the small v minor vowel. In the English words cap, cat and back, the word final consonants /p/, /t/ and /k/ can be pronounced by a+b+c or a+b. However, in the words camp, bank and ant the word final segments /p/, /t/ and /k/ cannot be pronounced without the c stage(=v). Therefore. we can say that whether the v is permitted or not is an indispensable condition for forming of consonant clusters in a language. When a consonant is adjacent to another consonant between two.vowels, we can suppose two kinds of phonetic structures according as the minor vowel v is permitted or not: (4) VC₁C₂V VC₁vC₂V English and several Indo-European languages possess both of the above structures. If C₁ `is a nasal or a lateral, only VC₁C₂V is permitted; because the c stage(=v) of the C₁ is not a nasal or lateral property. If C₁ is a fricative or an affricate, only VC₁vC₂V is permitted, because the two kinds of consonants cannot be formed without the c stage. If C₁ is a stop, we can get free variation between the two structures. In Korean, however, only the structure VC₁C₂V is permitted regardless of the kind of consonant which is used in the position of C₁. Because all the consonants are pronounced by a+b in the position of C₁. Fricatives and affricates also change to homorganic stops in the C₁ position. Now we can expect that assimilation will take place more easily in the structure VC₁C₂V than in the structure VC₁vC₂V. It is illustrated by the following examples. (5) (i) English income tax[발음기호] inbered[발음기호] pancake[발음기호] let me[발음기호] good bye[발음기호] chiastic[발음기호] catchpole[발음기호] question[발음기호] (ii) Japanese /keNgaku/→[발음기호] /keNbutu/→[발음기호] /keNdai/→[발음기호] /keTtei/→[발음기호] /keTki/→[발음기호] /keTpoN/→[발음기호] In modern Korean consonant assimilation takes place more thoroughly than in any other language, I think that such a phenomenon is brought about from the peculiarity that Korean has only VC₁C₂V, but not YC₁vC₂V. We usually find that C₁ is
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