토마스 만과 도스토예프스키 고찰

저작시기 1984.01 |등록일 2003.07.10 | 최종수정일 2016.07.16 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 24페이지 | 가격 5,900원
다운로드
장바구니관심자료
상세신규 배너

서지정보

발행기관 : 한국독어독문학회 수록지정보 : 독일문학 / 34권
저자명 : 정상건 ( Sang Kun Chung )

영어 초록

As confessed often in his letters and essays, Thomas Mann had devoted himself especially to Russian literature. He found in it inspiration and stimulants in his pursuit of a personal style. Russia was for him the land of his longing, when he was young. Thomas Mann had expressed his appreciation of Russian literature and understood it as a matter of existential significance. He placed this literature alongside the philosophy of Nietzsche, among his basic cultural experiences. They both built for him bridges into the future, They both, each in a different way, were experiences of religious nature religious in a new vital and forward-looking sense: In Nietzsche, Thomas Mann found the herald of a new religion, which was to realize in the name of the Third Kingdom the materialization of the spirit, the spiritualization of the flesh. This quest for the new religion, for the Third Kingdom, where spirit would attain corporeality and flesh its spiritualization, he found again in the Russian soul. Thus, it was Russian literature which served as the grand arena for a loftysy thesis of these two opposing forces. The experience of Nietzsche and the experience of the Russian soul led to the future because one saw in them the message of a new humanity to come, which is to dissolve the age-old opposing forces between spirit and matter, or the antithesis of Grecian and Christianity, and to dwell on the harmony of the materialized spirit and the spiritualized flesh. Thomas Mann was inclined to designate the synthetic idea of this new humanity as a new religion. He saw Russian literature since Gogol struggle with this idea. That was why this literature is full of future and holy. In the hope to bring the Russian idea to light, Russian literature had to be consciously critical; it had to measure with Gogol and Dostoevsky the abyss of the soul. We made the attempt to draw a parallel between Thomas Mann and Dostoevsky by analyzing two short works of both men-Thomas Nann`s er Bajazzo (translated as "The Dilettante") and Dostoevsky`s otes from the Underground". Almost every hero-perhaps antihero would be a more accurate term of Thomas Mann`s early short stories is some sort of outsider, driven from society, He has lost contact with a normal life and retreats to the loneliness and the dark. He is a split personality; he is insecure and somewhat sick, Confronted with an insurmountable abyss between the isolated individual and the mass of people, he labors under a delusion, From start to finish he is doomed to failure. thus he is incapable of participating in a normal life, To add to this, some sort of sickness or misfortune always accompanies him. Thomas Mann was especially drawn to this kind of suffering and unhappy character. To this hero`s counterpart, the normal man, who symbolizes ife", he shows no interest, He is, and cannot be, an object of the author`s study because he offers no problems. In respresenting such an isolated individual-outwardly and inwardly-Thomas Mann perhaps used Dostoevsky as his model and example. The underground man in otes" is an egocentric and social degenerate, who lives up to personal opinions and chooses to accept a world of meaningless suffering. This short work can be looked upon as prelude to the five-act tradgedy of Dostoevsky`s later works, where we find to some degree repititions or variations of the same theme-a man has sinned, his conscience is bothering him and he falls mentally ill. Finally, he takes penance of some sort upon himself, thereby attaining peace of mind or salvation. This way, Dostoevsky tried to solve moral and religious problems. We discovered the corresponding narrative form of both works. It is a first-person narrative in the manner of a confession, While the author` of the otes" turns directly to a future audience, even though he makes it clear that he is writing only for himself, the invention of an audience is missipg in Thomas Mann`s ilettante". But we still could detect in it enough
  • 구매평가(0)
  • 구매문의(0)
      최근 구매한 회원 학교정보 보기
      1. 최근 2주간 다운받은 회원수와 학교정보이며
         구매한 본인의 구매정보도 함께 표시됩니다.
      2. 매시 정각마다 업데이트 됩니다. (02:00 ~ 21:00)
      3. 구매자의 학교정보가 없는 경우 기타로 표시됩니다.
      4. 지식포인트 보유 시 지식포인트가 차감되며
         미보유 시 아이디당 1일 3회만 제공됩니다.
      상세하단 배너
      우수 콘텐츠 서비스 품질인증 획득
      최근 본 자료더보기
      상세우측 배너
      추천도서yes24
      다음
      토마스 만과 도스토예프스키 고찰