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Pathophysiology of gallstone
Gallbladder disease in children is perceived as rare and invariably associated with underlying hemolytic disease.
Increasing likelihood of finding other associated conditions such as prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis, and cystic fibrosis or conditions necessitating total parenteral nutrition (TPN).
Approximately 20 million adults in the United States have gallstones, and approximately 300,000 cholecystectomies are performed yearly.
참고 자료Lobe TE, “Cholelithiasis and Cholecystitis in Children,” Seminars in Pediatric Surgery, vol. 9, no. 4, Nov. 2000; pp. 170-176
Btaiche IF, Khalidi N, “Parenteral nutrition-associated liver complications in children,” Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, no. 2, Feb. 2002; pp. 188-211
Angelico M, della Guardia P, “Review article: Hepatobiliary complications associated with total parenteral nutrition,” Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 14, no. 2, 2000; pp. 54-57
Tomar BS, “Hepatobiliary abnormalities and parenteral nutrition,” Indian J Pediatr, vol. 67, no. 9, Sept. 2000; pp. 695-701
Gresser U, “Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid therapy may be associated with severe side effects -- review of the literature,” Eur J Med Res, vol. 4, no. 4, Apr. 2001, pp. 139-149
Radetti G, Gentilli L, Paganini C, Messner H, “Cholelithiasis in a newborn following treatment with the somatostatin analogue octreotide,”
Kratzer W, Mason RA, Kachele V, “Prevalence of Gallstones in Sonographic Surveys Worldwide,” J Clin Ultrasound, vol. 27, 1999; pp. 1-7
Shulman RJ, “New developments in total parenteral nutrition for children,” Curr Gastroenterol Rep, vol. 2, no. 3, Jun. 2000 Jun;253-258
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