First Record of Box Jellyfish, Carybdea brevipedalia (Cnidaria: Cubozoa: Carybdeidae) from Korean Coastal Waters: Morphology and Molecular Descriptions

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발행기관 : 한국동물분류학회 수록지정보 : Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity / 33권 / 1호
저자명 : Jinho Chae, Won-Duk Yoon, ByeongHo Kim, Jang-Seu Ki



영어 초록

We firstly described a box jellyfish, Carybdea brevipedalia collected from the southern coasts of Korea. It is morphologically characterized by gastric phacellae, a special digestive system of cubozoan jellyfish, and velarium, the thin muscle flap forming the opening of the subumbrellar cavity. The phacellae are linear-shaped, comprising numerous cirri branched from multiple roots. Each root also has multiple numbers of cirrus bundles. Basis of velarial cannels parts into two branches in each octant of velarium. Its geographic distributions were limited to Jejudo and the middle-southern coasts where the organisms are seriously hazardous to bathers in summer. Numerous individuals and/or large-sized populations were observed specifically from beaches at Jeju-do, Namhae-do and a small fishing port of Namildae, while only a small amount of the individuals was observed in Gamak Bay, Jaran- Goseung Bay, and Geoje-do. We confirmed molecular identity of the Korean C. brevipedalia with comparison of nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Until now, Carybdea brevipedalia is the only cubozoan species reported to be distributed in Korean waters.
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