한국어 상징음의 모음조화 : 비단선 음운론적 분석

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서지정보

발행기관 : 경남대학교 인문과학연구소 수록지정보 : 인문논총 / 16권 / 121 ~ 138 페이지
저자명 : 이영석 ( Young Seok Lee )

영어 초록

Though vowel harmony in Korean has been predicted to disappear from the language, it is still a very interesting phenomenon that should be properly explained. However all the previous studies of vowel harmony in Korean ideophones discussed in this paper do not offer a comprehensive account for the phenomena. Vowel harmony in Korean is analyzed as a combination of two different processes in this paper: linking a floating [RTR] feature and the subsequent spreading of the harmony feature [RTR]. The target of the morphemic feature linking is the first syllable in ideophones. Therefore atl vowels in initial syllables, regardless of their vowel height, are subject to [RTR] linking. However the second process the harmony spreading operates on the TP node adjacency. There are two underlying features under the TP node in Korean: [open] and [RTR], High vowels, /i/, /i­/ and /u/, do not have either [open] nor [RTR]. Thus, those vawels do not have TP nodes in the underlying representation. Since vowel harmony requires the condition that the trigger and the target should be adjacent on the TP tier, it is only natural these high vowels are transparent to harmony spreading. The analysis given in this paper says that the high round vowel /u /, which is traditionally thought to be a dark vowel in the vowel harmony system, is also neutral because it does not have a TP node by virtue of being a high vowel just like /i/ or /i­/. Truly it is shown that the high round vowel /u / behaves as if it is neutral with respect to harmony spreading. There are, however, a handful of exceptions to the generalization about the vowel harmony: apparent effect that harmony spreading has on the high round vowel /u /. It is suggested in this paper that such exceptional cases can be accounted for by introducing ideophone-specific vowel lowering, which applies to the high round vowel /u / in the final syllable of alight ideophone. This enables us to maintain the unified and simple explanation of vowel harmony in Korean as well as to correctly explain that /u / will not be affected by harmony processes, if it is neither the first nor the last vowel in an ideophone. The interactions of the different theories of feature geometry and underspecification are shown to be indispensable in explaining vowel harmony in Korean ideophones correctly and coherently. What is crucial for the explanation given in this paper is the notion of the TP node, which is absolutely essential for an account for vowel harmony in Korean.
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