| 최종수정일 2016.07.19 어도비 PDF (pdf) | 7페이지 | 가격 4,000원
ㆍ발행기관 : 한국알타이학회
ㆍ수록지정보 : 알타이학보 / 11권
ㆍ저자명 : 굴육생(Liu Sheng Qu)
Qing is the last dynasty in the Chinese history. Qing has prominent nationalistic characterizations in the political system, military organization, and culture, especially in languages and customs. As for languages, Manchu was prevalent at the beginning and middle of the dynasty and then it declined. At the end of Qing, Manchu was almost extinct despite the policy of founding Manchu schools. BAQI `八旗`, which was the main force of Qing, contributed to the unification of the country. Then, according to a principle called `to respect Manchu with head` 首崇滿洲, it declined as the country declined and the Manchu language became rarely used. Due to the educational reform since 1901, many new schools, including BAQI school, were founded and various kinds of lessons were taught there. However, Manchu was taught in none of these school. Education of the Manchu language started in 1908 when Manchu-Mongol Language Highschool 滿蒙文高等學堂 was founded at Fengcheng Hutong 봉성호동 in Peking. Since translators of Manchu texts were so rare in those days, it concentrated on training translators who can translate Manchu texts like Manwen Shilu ≪만문실록≫ On the other hand, in Manchu-Mongol Highschool, students first learn colloquial vocabulary mainly from Qingwenjian ≪淸文◎≫ and then the main body of Confucian scriptures like Zhongjing <忠經>, Lunyu <◎오>. They started to teach grammar and expletives. Manmenghan Sanwen Hebi Jiaokeshu <滿蒙◎三文璧敎科◎>, a publication issued in those days, include precious Manchu texts. A lot of new vocabulary appeared there and most of them are still in use.
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