퉁구스어의 음운구조와 문법구조 연구

등록일 2003.07.10 | 최종수정일 2016.07.18 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 56페이지 | 가격 9,600원
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상세신규 배너

서지정보

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 수록지정보 : 알타이학보 / 10권
저자명 : 권재일(Jae Il Kwon),김주원(Ju Won Kim)

영어 초록

In this article, we investigated a dialect of Ewenki Language, which is spoken in Samajie(薩馬街) near Jalantun(札蘭屯), Hulunbuir-meng, Inner Mongolia, China. The dialect is somewhat different from Hailar dialect of Ewenki (that is Solon) in that the formal is free from Mongolian influence and preserves old forms. The informant`s name is Haher[xa:x◎r] of 72 years old. [1] Phonological Structures Vowel System Each short vowel has corresponding long vowels. front central back high i [y] u mid-high e ◎ mid-low [◎] ◎ o low a ◎ Consonantal system : bilabial alveolar palatal velar uvular plosive p b t d [k^h] g fricative s x [Y] [g] affricate cˇ Jˇ nasal m n ◎ [N] lateral l flap r glide w j The plosive and affricate consonant is phonetically voiceless, the contrastive feature of which is [+aspiration]. For example p[p^h], b[b_.]. [2] Grammatical Structures In conjugation part, various case makers are developed. 10 case makers were found to which possessive personal suffixes follow optionally. In this dialect there weren`t complexly developed directive markers which are reported to exist in Hailar dialect of Ewenki(i.e. Solon). Directional, elative, goal were marked by ablative. There also was no indefinite accusative which is different from accusative in Solon. In this dialect inflectional and derivational suffix is fully developed. In indicative, voluntative and imperative mood personal ending optionally follows to preceding tense suffix. Verbal noun which constructs nominal and adnominal clause shows opposition between imperfect and perfect. As another Altaic languages, there present various converb forms. Some derivational suffixes represent grammatical category of causative, passive, aspect, and modality. Auxiliary verb constructions which is constructed from auxiliary verb preceded by converb ending, represent grammatical function, mainly aspect and modality. To present negation, three different way is used in case it is nominal predicate, verbal predicate and imperative respectively.
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