비만(현대사회와 스포츠)

등록일 2001.01.03 한글 (hwp) | 7페이지 | 가격 1,000원

목차

차 례

Ⅰ.서론········································· 1
Ⅱ.본론········································· 1
1. 비만의 정의 ·····································1
2. 비만의 진단····································· 1
1) 직접적인 측정방법·································· 2
2) 간접적인 측정방법·································· 2
3. 비만의 분류····································· 2
1) 원인에 의한 분류···································2
2) 지방조직 형태에 의한 분류······························ 2
3) 지방세포에 의한 분류·································3
4. 비만의 원인····································· 3
1) 유전적 요인····································· 3
2) 내분비 질환(대사 장애)································3
3) 환경적 요인····································· 3
4) 심리적(스트레스 등)원인······························· 4
5) 기타 요인······································ 4
5. 비만의 문제점···································· 4
1) 심장병········································4
2) 당뇨병········································4
3) 편평족········································4
4) 관 절········································4
5) 탈 장 ······································· 5
6) 고혈압········································5
7) 정신적인 문제···································· 5
6. 비만의 치료····································· 5
1) 비만과 식이요법·······························<font color=aaaaff>..</font>

본문내용

비만(obesity)이란 체내의 피하에 지방이 과잉 저장 및 축적된 상태를 말하는데, 남자의 경우 체지방량이 체중의 25%, 여자의 경우 30% 이상이면 비만증으로 정의한다. 일반적으로 과체중상태를 의미하고 에너지 섭취량이 에너지소비량을 초과하여 초과된 에너지량이 체지방으로 피하 등의 조직에 침착되므로써 일어나는 체중의 이상증가 현상이다. 특히 비만 발생의 연령층도 점차 낮아지고 있으며, 과잉비만아동의 수도 매우 많아지고 있다. 과다지방인 아이는 성인이 되었을 때 정상아이에 비하여 4배의 지방질을 갖는다고 한다. 그러므로 비만아동은 비만성인이 될 가능성이 크다는 점에서 그 문제가 심각하다. 비만증의 위해는 5D's로 집약되고 있다. 즉 용모손상(disfigurement), 불편(discomfort), 무능(disability), 질병(disease), 사망(death)이 그것이다.
비만증의 진단을 위해서는 정확한 체지방의 측정이 필요한데 실제로 그 방법이 쉽지 않다. 다소의 오차는 있으나 신체 계측치를 이용한 간접적인 방법이 실제로 널리 이용되고 있다. 이러한 신체계측에는 신장, 체중, 신체두께, 신체직경, 피부주름두께 등이 이용된다.


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